Among the 36 tribes found in Barotseland kingdom, Each tribe in the Kingdom was offering services to the Litunga.
Servants not slaves, mind the difference. Everyone including the (lindwalume), warriors who risked there lives and at times sacrificed themselves for the sake of defending there people and King.
Just like it is, Even today, there are Zambian government employees known as Civil Servants. Been a servant came with benefits of opportunities, choices and exposure. So no one specific tribe had servants alone working, but everyone had a role to play. Others had ceremonial duties, others defence, others farming, fishing, cattle heading, building, black smiths, and other functional duties. It would be misleading for any one to believe that only one tribe had laboured in service of the others.
Like forestsnce, Mbundas were good at building, and fighting. Those Royal sharp poles were made by the mbundas.
Makwanga, totela, Milangu, were farmers and good hunters.
Subiya, Toka-leya, makomakoma were cattle heading.
Nyengo, mbowe, Luyana, were hunters, warriors, ambassadors etc
It was during the reign of king sipopa Lutangu, after conquering Tonga, lenje and Ila land, that the barotseland army when returning back upon reaching Tateyoyo, since the Lituga was restructuring his kingdom with a colorful appreciations from all the tribes found in Barotseland.
The Barotse Army mainly (Nyengos, Mbundas, mbowe, Luyana , Mashi, maswe, mbukushe, milangu, mafwe, makomakoma, makwanga, subia) found an old Nkoya man crying for help (tateyoyo mama nafwakale).
If you are traveling to Mongu, there is a place called Tateyoyo it’s a check point .
Nkoyas in this area, were invaded by the kaondes as such all their goats, women and children were all taken away.The Barotse army gave a big chase and caught up with the kaondes in between kalumwange and kasempa at the mountain called kamusongola.
kaondes sat on mountain top while throwing stones at the lozi army until the last drop, and when they had run out food they did not only surrender to the lozi army but also gave their women for wives to the Lozi’s. Kamusongola(amuye muyonyalwa) go and get married hence the name (kabigi kamusongola).
last but not least the Nkoyas have been very difficult people to work with. Even during the war times, they would go and hide in the forests and only come back after the war is over.
The have always liked to hunt but were not good hunters comparing to other tribes, while unity among themselves was not there. Jealousy among themselves was the song of the day.
Nkoyas had nothing to offer or contribute to the lozi impi/army as in joining it or payment , for they had no animals but instead offered to work for the Lozi’s as servants for the rest of their lives and as such they were taken away as servants as ba mbeti ba maoma ni silimba this is the reason why most of the songs at the palace or during kuomboka ceremony are done in nkoya. Those Nkoya songs are played to praise the Litunga.
His work , his love, his kind and for his healthy aswell as for the King to rule for so many years. It’s not a joke
Don’t be cheated by those small boys who were born in 1970s,80s, and 90s from the so called NKoya’s Kazanga group claims to be owner of the Royal band.
The Maoma war drums are Luyana, Mwenduko is from mbowe tribe , Ngong’i is from makomakoma, silimba is from Makwangwa, Mikubele is from the nkoya and the made a collaboration of Mikubele plus silimba and that what is the Royal band. This band was made just like that of Scotland.
In saying this, we say so because all tribes found in Barotseland contributed to the Litungship. Infact the Makwangwa are the majority tribe because there are the owners of Mongu, Senanga and part of kaoma, part of lukulu, part of sesheke as the were the best hunters. These are the owners of the forests. When mbunda come joined the Makwangwa’s it become a good combination of great hunters.
If you followed the Nkoya case where the wanted to overthrow senior chief Amukena of Naliele Palace from kaoma, these Nkoyas failed to prove the allegations that the so called nkoya band is theirs, in there submissions in the High court chief Mwene-Mutondo said that the nkoya band was for the first time played in Livingstone in 1912 as he wanted to lie that , it was during the time the Queen of the Great Britain visited then Mwene Mutondo who was officiating the international conference in Livingstone. But the truth of the matter is that it was only king Lewanika who officiated the said conference ; state counsel Christopher Mundia made it clear in the Court that Nkoyas should stop of hallucinating and manufacturing fake stories and untraceable history the claimed.
Have you ever heard “Nkoya park before “?
It’s only a Barotse park which was re-named to Mukuni park in 2007, which is in Livingstone.
The majority of the Nkoya people were taken kwa lukena (Barotse plain) in makoma area but because the area is flood prone they requested from the Litunga to be taken back to kaoma, koo Ku-omile (dry land).
nebali lukupa kuli mulukutise ko Ku omile and thats how the name kaoma came about.The father to mwene mutondo was actually a king ‘s driver.
Nkoyas arrived in Barotseland, the first lived in Lukona area, in the Barotse plain. Then the Litunga took them to Luena side of chief Sibeta , where the were also moved to Njonjolo and lukena to be specific the current Kaoma district.
The separation of the Nkoyas, started during the Kaonde war, most of these people run away in groups. Nkoyas were weak and not fighters but good at making noise through singing and dancing. But suddenly, when hearing kaonde warriors they run away and hide in bushes, the could be attacked left and right on each day.
Upon seeing this problem which was becoming very hard for themselves of been butchered.
Others run away and went further to the present day Mumbwa, Kazungula, Lukulu and kabompo districts.
The report was reported to the Litunga who got so annoyed and subsequently sent his soldiers to defend his people.
Each group leader become a chief upon reaching the area, like in Mumbwa chief kabulwebulwe while in Kazungula chief Moomba, aswell as in kabompo and lukulu.
This is the reason why these people had found themselves in these areas but it’s because of love and peace of the people they were founding, land were given to them to settle like in Kazungula it’s for Toka-leyas chief Sikute, chief Mukuni and chief musokotwane welcomed these Nkoyas, but Atleast the Moomba group were civilized just like that of kabulwebulwe in Mumbwa peace remained vital, than the Mutondo of kaom. Infact chief kahare is better only that Mutondo dictates on the kahare family.
king Lewanika tried to boast Nkoyas with cattles for them to keep but they all slaughtered and made a big party of enjoyment of malyalya the whole night, where men, women and children sung and danced the whole night killing all cattles.
Have you ever seen a Nkoya keeping cattle before?
No, unless otherwise it’s not common practice for them.
Fighting their Brothers and Sisters “Ma-Lozi”
It all started in 1993 when the BRE refused to recognize mr Edwin moyo as chief Mwene-Mutondo. Following the demise of chief Mwene Mutondo, the Mutondo family gathered and choose Mulubisha as the new chief but Edwin’s group took the agenda and took him to Lealui and present him before the KUTA.
The message reached the BRE that infact mr Edwin moyo was not the right man for the Mwene Mutondo. Edwin grow up in itezhi-tezhi as he didn’t even know much about the nkoya traditional system.
BRE had requested them to go to Lealui for final ritual performance but because the got wide of the information that BRE was informed about the wrong person. Edwin moyo then installed himself as chief Mutondo in kaoma and threated the other family members to withdraw the case and that’s how it died under the carpet .
Then Litunga, ilute Yeta IV refused to recognise Edwin moyo as chief Mutondo.
During the elections in 1996, the Litunga first born son, senior chief Inyambo Yeta of Mwandi was arrested and charged with treason by zambia’s president Fredrick Chiluba over political matters. Senior chief Inyambo was a Vice President of UNIP and was going to stand as candidate on UNIP ticket because Kaunda was barred to start under that new amended constitution.
Then since Inyambo had massive supporters across the country Chiluba initiated his arrest. That’s where that law stops chiefs from been involved in politics was created.
The Litunga Yeta IV told off Chiluba and demanded his son’s release from prison. Of which Chiluba threated to arrest the Litunga.
The Litunga declared war, zambia Air Force choppers were all sent to arrest the Litunga including himself Chiluba was there as the commander but the failed to arrest the Litunga, at the end their choppers developed problems as the failed to start off. Chiluba had to apologize and ask to leave Barotseland.
Lately Inyambo was released unconditionally from the prison.
Chiluba now started a plan of destabilizing Barotseland. The saw the KAOMA sagga and used it to fight the BRE silently.
Late PF founder and president Michael sata was a minister without portfolio. Sata personally Organized Nkoyas in KAOMA to rebel against the BRE and lozis. Chiluba’s MMD funded Nkoyas so much.
President Chiluba said I hear in other parts of the country, some people are not been recognized and as the head of state, I will gazette them. And if that person ( referring to the Litunga ilute Yeta IV) doesn’t like them, will detach that district and add it to the new province which I can create.
I will name it kafue, I will get kafue, itezhi-tezhi , Mumbwa , Kazungula etc .
Few group of ila speaking people joined the calls , mr diangamo and group supported the idea. But the refused after Nkoyas wanted chief Mutondo to be made paramount chief Mwene of the kafue.
This is were it all started, whenever you hear that kafue province been talked by Nkoyas. But Chiluba dumped Nkoyas and almost arrested them as the wanted to continue soliciting for money, recognition.
Chiluba publicly told the Nkoyas in 1999 that, the should live in harmony because the can not fight lozis or be superior over any tribe in zambia. He called them Tribalists.
In 1996 Nkoyas sued BRE in MONGU high court to remove senior chief Amukena from Naliele but the case was thrown out.
2002 Nkoyas went to lusaka high court and sued the BRE, the case stayed for all those years without been heard until in 2014 when winter kabimba as justice minister instructed the case to be heard. that’s the case of which they have lost this year 2017.
In 2006 when then president late levy p Mwanawasa wanted to table the BA1964, few Nkoyas wanted to be included of which the president publicly told them off, that only the Litunga are involved in the said agreement not anyone.
In 2012, president sata snubbed the MONGU riots and the BA 64 commission inquiry, Nkoyas celebrated.
The started appearing on tv station castigating the BRE and lozis.
Just after the BNC 2012, declaration of Barotseland reverting back to her status, Zambia government panicked and started funding Nkoyas and even extended to mbundas.
At the hands of Then justice minister winter kabimba who is coming from the minority tribe (lala) he supported Nkoyas 2012-13.
The so called Nkoya Royal council was created in order to foster the rebellion against the over 35tribes that forms Lozi.
Are you not surprised that only few Nkoyas from kaoma are the noise makers and ones who always insult and fights the lozis?
Majority of Nkoyas from kabompo, Mumbwa , Kazungula are peaceful lovers.
Today, KAOMA district is full of former angolians refuges. These are the ones running the business and allocating land to themselves but Nkoyas are dwii, the mbundas have even opened their cheke radio broadcasting their language peacefully . Nkoyas are busy fighting there shadows.
When Linyungandambo leaders where appearing in Kabwe magistrate court , Nkoyas held a press briefing castigating and mocking Lozis. The called for trio leaders to be hanged to death.
Nkoyas are easily used, cheap, sellouts and agents of trouble that’s what president Michael sata told late Edwin Nkomeshya in 2014, the former kazanga cultural association chairman.