Why some Silozi names sound or have the same meaning with South African,Botswana,Lesotho tribes like Zulu and other Tribes eg names like; Tebuho,Thabo,Masipa,Simbotwe Ketiwe?
Check in this article below.
TRACING THE GENESIS OF ‘LOZI’ TERMINOLOGY
At this stage it is prudent to explain the origin of the terms ‘Barotse’ and ‘Lozi’. In 1830 the Aluyi were conquered by the Kololo, a branch of the Sotho people of present day Lesotho, led by Sebitwane.
This was shortly after the death of Mulambwa which gave way to a power struggle between his two sons, SILUMELUME and MUBUKWANU.
The Aluyi were deeply divided and, consequently, the invaders overcame them easily. The Kololo could not pronounce the word Aluyi and therefore called their subjects ‘Arozwi’ or ‘Marozwi’. The conquered Aluyi on the other hand did not have an ‘r’ in their vocabulary and corrupted these new terms to ‘Alozi’ and ‘Malozi’. After the overthrow of the Kololo and re-establishment of Aluyi rule in 1864, the people continued to refer to themselves as ‘Malozi’.
SIPOPA, who was one of the surviving sons of Mulambwa, took over the reigns of power after the overthrow of the Kololo. Meanwhile, the Kololo language had taken root among the Aluyi during the occupation period to the extent that they adopted it as their lingua-franca and merely changed its name from Sikololo to Silozi. Therefore, none of the Lozi tribes can claim to be the originators or owners of the Silozi language as it was imposed from outside. Further more, it should be stated that Lozi is not a tribe. It is the common language of the people of Barotseland, who are the descendants of the Aluyi.
During the reign of LUBOSI LEWANIKA, the 15th King and grandson of Mulambwa, Kaonde tribesmen invaded the Nkoya area and overran it.
Lewanika dispatched a fighting force which repulsed the invaders and fortified the area. In 1938, during the reign of YETA III, who was Lewanika’s son, it was found necessary to establish a physical presence of the central authority in the Mankoya region.
This was intended to bring the administration of Mankoya in line with other regions of Kalabo, Senanga, and Sesheke which had a Resident Prince or Princess. Accordingly, the NALIELE administrative centre was established through the appointment of MWANAWINA LEWANIKA, the King’s brother, as Resident Prince. It is this authority which has become the target of detractors, under the influence of the Zambian Government, to weaken the harmony of Lozi people in Kaoma (formerly Mankoya ).
The terms ‘Mu-Lubale’ (LUVALE,this in failure of pronouciation of V) and “Mu-Wiko” (wiko,means West literary means the people from west part of Country) are no different from others such as ‘Mu-Nyengo’ (people of Nyengo,Nyengo is a name of a snake in Barotseland found in Kalabo,not sure if they still exist) , ‘Mu-Kwamashi’ (the people of Mash area), ‘Mu-Kwangwa’ (from Kwangwa Tribe), ‘Mu-Mbowe’( Mbowe is one of the Tribe that form Lozi/Rotse Nation), ‘Mu-Mbunda (Tribe too)’ etc which are descriptions of the Lozi tribes in terms of their origin, economic speciality or other considerations peculiar to the grouping. Every tribe in Barotseland is labeled in this manner not only for identity but also as a demonstration of the fact that the Lozi society is a heterogeneous structure of social groups which is not afraid of according special recognition to each grouping. Other people who are not part of the Lozi nation in terms of origin and cultural upbringing are collectively identified as ‘Mañete’ or ‘Manyukunyuku’. These are usually excused when they fall out of line for the simple reason that they are deemed not to be well schooled in Lozi traditions and mannerisms
By Saleya Kwalombota