Where Northmead stands today was a big Soli village called Bwinjimfumu derived from the phrase, ” Bwinjimfumu bwakashimisha mulilo”!

This community had its grave yard on the hill where Parliament building and manda hill shopping centre are,today hence the name Manda hill. Today you hear people talk about Bwinjimfumu but do not know where the name came from.

There was a time when Lozis attacked Solis and went away with their women and daughters, and soli youths pursued the Lozis and caught up with them at Mwembeshi river and managed to get back their women after Lozi’s got tired and hungry. Behind, a group of old head men who remained in the village waiting for the warriors to come back did not collect enough firewood to keep the fire burning, as you know those days there were no matches, fire was kept burning by adding firewood.When the youths came back with their women and daughters, they found that the village had no fire. They realised that the reason why fire went off was due to the group of headmen who could not go in the bush to fetch fire wood hence the place was named, “BWINJIMFUMU BWAKASHIMYA MULILO. Meaning too many leaders led to the extinguishing of fire.Years down the line different ethnic groups started to come and settled around this area.

Tongas from south discovered iron across one big river which was too wide to cross.

Fortunately, they discovered a skeleton of a big elephant which they used as a boat to cross this river and named this point Kafuwa meaning a bone.

However David Livingstone mispronounced it as kafue.

However it is also believed that the name Kafue derives from Ila term ” kafuwa” meaning pastoral farming. All the same Munali as David Livingstone, was called, mispronounced it. Trying to have a better view of Kafue river Livingstone climbed hills which is called kunanalika in Ila, hence he was named Munali.Later, one white settler by the name of Marapod settled around this Soli village specialising in gardening. However, he shifted northwards because the area where he had settled was rocky therefore named the place KAMWALA and where he went to settle as marapod and the area where he was doing his gardens GARDEN and since most of his garden workers were easterners, their residential area was called Chipata compound.

With the increase in number of white farmers and settlement an area east of Garden was reserved for cattle grazing and later called Ngombe.

Then during the federal govt, a lot of south Rhodesians came to settle in this fast growing town near marapod and chipata in order to do business with these people. Due to their culture of keeping long beard, their area was called MANDEVU.During that time, lenje natives were pushed far east and this is the area where Lenje was spoken the area was called Ulenje but later changed to Chilenge.

A number of prominent setters from South increase in number and a place west of the settlement was reserved for an abattoir and butcheries, this is where meat was sold and the place was called Kanyama.

Later a wife of one of the Boers established some business near Kamwala and employed a lot of natives they named the place Missis.

Matero derived it’s name from its sloppy landscape Matelo in Lenje. Chaisa was an area for freedom fighters and militants who were beating up sellouts and puppets, chaisa means beat hard.


  1. Good history. I understand Kabulonga also has a meaning, so is Bauleni village. The author can cover the entire Lusaka locations before he dies.Such information is required in the Lusaka Museum. Don’t conceal vital information to yourself. One correction though, Lozi could not have left all the women and children because they managed to capture two of Chief Shakumbila’s sons and more women. The entire Ila Chiefdom was severely ravaged and cows taken away. That is why lozi names are common in Namwala.

  2. Kabulonga was derived from Muka Bulongo, literary meaning wife of the soil (in Soli…or Ila Tonga Lenje). Muka Bulongo was a powerful lady and witchdoctor who lived around the Hilltop area in now Kabulonga. She sort of had a hospital-like establishment where all flocked for cure.

  3. For every development , there is destruction . Am told the Soli chief was buried and is laying opposite the Lusaka Ridgeway Post Office . Just near the Bus station , there is unattended dirty bush where the once respected Chief Lusaka is laying

  4. Something ought to be done. Lusaka seems to have a rich reservoir of knowledge. Can some solo historian come up with a comprehensive literature of Lusaka. I understand Libala was a chief’s field or something to that meaning. Lusaka was a renowned village headman and buried somewhere. A lot is missing historically. Cairo road was a lake which up to Kanyama I am told. I am thirst for the information of Lusaka Please explain more.

  5. This is the information desperately needed in our schools and not this so called South America, North America, Musolin and the like we are examining our children with and the one they used to brain wash us. There is more history in Kafue, Kulubemba, Siavonga, Ndola, Kalulushi, Western and North-Western provinces that is undocumented that we need to for future reference. Because at the rate we are going, we will eventually loose our own languages otherwise called tribes.


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